Role forest certification in combating against illegal logging in Russia

23.6.2015 at 12:07

Maxim Trishkin


Role of forest certification in the combating against illegal logging

 

Russia is a huge country with vast forest resources. Russia accounts for over 20% of the world’s forests. However geographical proximity and scarcity of human population and the actual resources makes it very difficult to control the origin of raw wood material. Consequently, Russia’s low level of law enforcement is quite frequent phenomena with the illegal logging, however in some part is widespread fact. Thus, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia and the World Bank estimate that up to 20% of extracted wood is illegal in average, reaching up to 50% in Siberia and the Russian Far East.

Forest certification emerged as a solid concept promoted by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to combat illegal logging and facilitate sustainable forest resource management in the 1990s. Forest certification is considered by many specialists worldwide and in Russia as a main tool to guarantee that the wood originates from well-managed forest. Presently, forest certification is sparsely-distributed across the country. There are two main certification schemes operating in Russia: the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and the Russian National Council on Forest Certification (RNCFC), which is endorsed by the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC). The FSC scheme prevails in Russian conditions and is strongly supported by NGOs. Forest certification gained its active phase in Russia since 2000 when the first FSC certificate was issued in the Altay region. As of March 3, 2015, 40.22 million hectares of Russian forests are FSC certified and 452 certificates of chain of custody (COC) have been issued, including 233 certificates of controlled wood (CW). As of January 1, 2015, more than 2 million hectares of Russian forests are certified under PEFC standards with 27 COC certificates.

Forest certification is a market driven non-governmental initiative which allows to create alternative vision among customers of final wood-based products and take responsibility of responsibly managed wood products into homes.

 

The link to the article is provided below:

http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/6/4/1380

 

tag_blue FSC, forest certification, illegal logging, Russia,

 

 

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Maxim Trishkin

Maxim Trishkin

 

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