Aracruz Cellulose in Brazil

Aracruz ownes 286,000 hectares of eucalyptus plantations, intermingled with around 170,000 hectares of native forest reserves, which are of fundamental importance for ensuring the balance of the ecosystem. Moreover the company removed people from there area of native habitations which caused open conflict.

Ongoing conflict? no
Conflict type Land use conflicts
Resources solid wood
Issues 1 social, 2 economical, 3 ecological, 4 cultural
Keywords conflict, plantation, consession, Brazil
Start date 2000
End date 2005
Reason(s) for conflict
Intensity violent action
What are the stakeholders' conflicting values or interests Company is interested to make profit and expand its activities, local population is interested in keeping right to the land and possibility to live in the area.
Barriers for dialogue Company constantly was neglecting the right of indigenous people and was very closed in negotiations.
Forums for dialogue The conflicts with the local indigenous populations have hindered Aracruz in securing FSC certification. An FSC certificate that Aracruz acquired via purchase of another forestry operation in another region was withdrawn after protests from indigenous and environmental pressure groups. Efforts to reapply for FSC certification continue to face sustained opposition from these groups.
Suggestions for conflict resolution / transformation The independent feasibility and social impact assessment for all the parties
Comments Aracruz now is conducting dialogues, involving communities and NGOs, at state and national level. They have agreed to invite other companies. In two states the dialogues have proven to be effective. In third state it is less successful and the dialogue remains polarised.